The theory laid the foundation for the U. Migration Compact.
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The U. The issue is that of ageing population due to low fertility and the increasing duration of life expectancy. Hence, a looming economic crisis with the demographic imbalance. The solution is to replenish the labour market with migrants, by population transfers from the developing to the developed states. The preamble to the document states:.
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United Nations projections indicate that over the next 50 years, the populations of virtually all countries of Europe as well as Japan will face population decline and population ageing. The new challenges of declining and ageing populations will require comprehensive reassessments of many established policies and programmes, including those relating to international migration.
Focusing on these two striking and critical population trends, the report considers replacement migration for eight low-fertility countries France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, United Kingdom and United States and two regions Europe and the European Union.
Replacement migration refers to the international migration that a country would need to offset population decline and population ageing resulting from low fertility and mortality rates. Is that, or is it not, precisely the aim of the U. If not, how not? If so, how has Mr Sellner, et al. Finally, the new challenges being brought about by declining and ageing populations will require objective, thorough and comprehensive reassessments of many established economic, social and political policies and programmes. Such reassessments will need to incorporate a long-term perspective.
Critical issues to be addressed in those reassessments would include a appropriate ages for retirement; b levels, types and nature of retirement and health-care benefits for the elderly; c labour-force participation; d assessed amounts of contributions from workers and employers needed to support retirement and healthcare benefits for the increasing elderly population; and e policies and programmes relating to international migration, in particular replacement migration, and the integration of large numbers of recent migrants and their descendants.
In this context, it should be noted that immigrants to one country are emigrants from another country. As such, international migration must be seen as part of the larger globalization process taking place throughout the world, influencing the economic, political and cultural character of both sending and receiving countries.
While orderly international migration can provide countries of origin with remittances and facilitate the transfer of skills and technology, it also may entail the loss of needed human resources. Similarly, international migration can provide countries of destination with needed human resources and talent, but may also give rise to social tensions. Effective international migration policies must therefore take into account the impact on both the host society and countries of origin.
These are all factors posed by the Right, yet raised first in by the U. Where are Mr Sellner et al. It is more a matter that the U. They do not have a sense of the historical. Rather, the demographic crisis in the West has been seen in prior civilisations, and the desperate answer was the same: to fill the population void with migrants.
It is in this that we might discern the end of civilisations, not their embarking on a bright new future. In our time all Greece was visited by a dearth of children and generally a decay of population … and a failure of productiveness results. Hierocles remarked that most people seemed to regard siring children as interfering with their lifestyles.
Prostitution became so widespread it became a substitute for marriage. Homosexuality and bi-sexuality had become common, 19 as had abortion. Many women became infertile. Please continue to respect all commenters and create constructive debates. Want to bookmark your favourite articles and stories to read or reference later? Find your bookmarks in your Independent Premium section, under my profile.
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